Benefits of using this medication

Cefixime is an antibiotic that belongs to the family of medications known as cephalosporins. It is used to treat certain types of bacterial infections. It is most commonly used to treat gonorrhea as well as infections of the ear, sinus, bladder, throat, and lung.

This medication may be available under several brands and/or in several different dosage forms. Any brand name of this medication may not be available in all of the dosage forms or approved for all of the conditions discussed in this article. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed in this article.

Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their physician has not prescribed it.

dosage forms of medication

Liquid
Each 5 mL of reconstituted suspension contains 100 mg of cefixime. Nonmedicinal ingredients: artificial strawberry flavour, sodium benzoate, sucrose, and xanthan gum.

Tablets
Each oblong, biconvex, white, film-coated tablet, with rounded flattened corners, scored on each side, and engraved with “EM 400” on one side, contains cefixime 400 mg. Nonmedicinal ingredients: calcium phosphate dibasic dihydrate, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, light mineral oil, magnesium stearate, microcrystalline cellulose, pregelatinized starch, sodium lauryl sulfate, and titanium dioxide. This medication doesn’t contain gluten or lactose.

dose of medication

The recommended adult dose of cefixime is 400 mg taken once a day.

The recommended children’s dose is 8 mg per kilogram of body weight taken once daily. Children weighing more than 50 kg or who are older than 12 years should be treated with the recommended adult dose.

Use an oral syringe or a medication spoon to measure each dose of the liquid. These devices give a more accurate measurement than household teaspoons.. Shake the medication well before measuring each dose.

Finish all of this medication, even you start to feel better. This will reduce the chance of the infection returning.

Many things can affect the dose of a medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your physician has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, don’t change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your physician.

It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your physician. in case of missed dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you aren’t sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your physician or pharmacist for advice.

Store the tablet form of this medication at room temperature and keep it out of the reach of children. Cefixime liquid is good for 14 days at room temperature or refrigerated. Any leftover liquid should be discarded after 14 days.

Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g. down the sink or in the toilet) or in household garbage. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or have expired.

Contraindications to the use of the medication

Do not take this medication if you:

  • are allergic to cefixime or any of the ingredients of the medication
  • are allergic to any of the cephalosporin antibiotics

People allergic to penicillin should take this medication with caution as they have an increased risk of being allergic to cephalosporin antibiotics.

side effects of the medication

Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses. Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent.

The side effects listed below aren’t experienced by everyone who takes this medication. If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your physician.

These symptoms may occur in some patients and in this case, you should refer to your consultant. But the majority of the patients don’t suffer from any side effects, so do not stop using the medicine because of fear of in listed side effect . , .

Contact your physician if you experience these side effects and intolerable. Your pharmacist may be able to advise you on managing side effects.

  • diarrhea (mild)
  • dizziness
  • gas
  • headache
  • heartburn
  • mild diarrhea
  • mild stomach cramps
  • nausea
  • vomiting

Although most of these side effects listed below don’t happen very often, they could lead to serious problems if you don’t check seek medical attention.

Check with your physician as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:

  • severe abdominal or stomach cramps and pain
  • skin rash, itching, redness, or swelling
  • vaginal itching or discharge

Stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention if any of the following occur:

  • diarrhea (watery and severe; may also be bloody)
  • fever that appears after starting the antibiotic
  • seizures
  • signs of a serious allergic reaction (e.g., abdominal cramps, difficulty breathing, nausea and vomiting, or swelling of the face and throat)
  • signs of a severe skin reaction (e.g., blistering, peeling, a rash covering a large area of the body, a rash that spreads quickly, or a rash combined with fever or discomfort)
  • signs of hemolytic anemia (e.g., fatigue, yellowing of the eyes or skin, dark urine, pale skin)

Some people may experience side effects other than those listed. Check with your physician if you notice any symptom that worries you while you are taking this medication.

precautions of the medication

Before you start using a medication, be sure to inform your physician of any medical conditions or allergies you may have, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast-feeding, and any other significant facts about your health. These factors may affect how you should use this medication.

Allergy: Before starting treatment with cefixime, make sure you tell your physician about any adverse reactions you have had to medications, especially cefixime, cephalosporins, and penicillins. Some people who are allergic to penicillin may also be allergic to cephalosporins such as cefixime. If you have an allergic reaction, contact your physician.

Antibiotic-associated colitis: This medication, like other antibiotics, may cause a potentially dangerous condition called antibiotic-associated colitis (or pseudomembranous colitis). Symptoms include severe, watery diarrhea that may be bloody. If you notice these symptoms, stop taking cefixime and contact your physician as soon as possible.

Hemolytic anemia: Rarely, cefixime causes a condition where red blood cells are destroyed before the end of the cells’ normal lifespan. This condition is called hemolytic anemia, which can cause severe health complications. People who have had hemolytic anemia before may be more likely to experience hemolytic anemia caused by cefixime. If you notice symptoms of hemolytic anemia such as unusual fatigue, yellowing of the eyes or skin, dark urine, or pale skin, contact your physician immediately.

Kidney function: Kidney disease or reduced kidney function may cause this medication to build up in the body, causing side effects. Cefixime may also cause decreased kidney function and, in rare instances, kidney failure. If you have reduced kidney function or kidney disease, discuss with your physician how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.

Overgrowth of organisms: Prolonged or repeated use of cefixime may result in an overgrowth of bacteria or fungi and organisms that aren’t killed by the medication. This can cause other infections, such as yeast infections, to develop.

Seizures: This medication, like other cephalosporins, may contribute to seizures. This appears to be more likely when kidney function is reduced, causing increased amounts of cefixime to build up in the body. If you have a history of seizure disorders or decreased kidney function, discuss with your physician how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.

Pregnancy: It isn’t known if cefixime is safe for use during pregnancy. This medication should not be used during pregnancy unless the benefits outweigh the risks. If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact your physician immediately.

Breast-feeding: It isn’t known if cefixime passes into breast milk. If you are a breast-feeding mother and are taking this medication, it may affect your baby. Talk to your physician about whether you should continue breast-feeding.

Children: The safety and effectiveness of using this medication have not been established for children less than 6 months old.

Drug-Drug interaction of the medication

There may be an interaction between cefixime and any of the following:

  • aminoglycoside antibiotics (e.g., amikacin, gentamicin, tobramycin)
  • bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine
  • probenecid
  • sodium picosulfate
  • typhoid vaccine
  • warfarin

If you are taking any of these medications, talk to your physician or pharmacist. Depending on your specific circumstances, your physician may want you to:

  • stop taking one of the medications,
  • change one of the medications to another,
  • change how you are taking one or both of the medications, or
  • leave everything as is.

An interaction between two medications doesn’t always mean that you must stop taking one of them. talk to your physician about how any drug interactions are being managed or should be managed.

Medications other than those listed above may interact with this medication. Tell your physician or prescriber about all prescription, over-the-counter (non-prescription), and herbal medications you are taking. Also tell them about any supplements you take. Since caffeine, alcohol, the nicotine from cigarettes, or street drugs can affect the action of many medications, you should let your prescriber know if you use them.

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