It is an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Rights Services and one of the United States federal executive departments. The Food and Drug Administration is responsible for protecting and promoting public health by organizing and overseeing food safety, tobacco products, nutritional supplements, over-the-counter medications, vaccines, biopharmaceuticals, blood transfusions, medical devices emitting electromagnetic radiation (ERED), veterinary products and preparations Beautician.
Food safety and non-derogation; that both human and veterinary drugs, human biological products and medical devices are effective and safe. And cosmetics are safe as well. Verify that radiation-emitting consumer products (for example, mobile) are safe.
Verify that regulated products are presented honestly, accurately, and informatively
The regulated products are in compliance with the Food and Drug Administration’s decisions and guidelines, violations are identified and fixed, and any unsafe or illegal product is withdrawn from the market
The Department of Health and Human Services is one of the major ministries in the United States government. In fiscal year 2000, its budget amounted to $ 395 billion, and its staff exceeded 61,000, and the department is responsible for the activities of 11 operating departments, including the FDA
Departments of the Ministry of Health and Human Services
The rest of the sections are;
National Institutes of Health,
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
The Office for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry,
Indian Health Service,
The Health Resources and Services Administration,
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration,
The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality,
Health Care Financing Administration,
The Administration for Children and Families,
Administration on Aging],
Although the FDA has a relatively modest budget of $ 1.1 billion and has 9,000 employees, its authority and influence are wide.
The Food and Drug Administration regulates $ 1 trillion worth of products sold in the United States, which is equivalent to a quarter of what the American consumer purchases annually,
Its decisions affect 95,000 businesses that produce regulated goods by the Food and Drug Administration,
The Food and Drug Administration activities work to:
1- Food safety and non-derogation; that both human and veterinary medicines, human biological products and medical devices are effective and safe. And cosmetics are safe as well. Verify that radiation-emitting consumer products (for example, mobile) are safe.
2- Verify that the regulated products are presented honestly, accurately, and informatively 3- and that the regulated products are in compliance with the Food and Drug Administration’s decisions and guidelines,
Violations are identified and fixed, and any unsafe or illegal product is withdrawn from the market. The Food and Drug Administration is headed by a commissioner appointed by the Minister of Health and Humanitarian Affairs, and approved by the House of Representatives. The Office of the Commissioner of Administration has eight subsidiary offices, namely the Chief Council Counselor; the Office of Equal Opportunity; the Administrative Law Judge; the Senior Assistant Commissioner and the Office of Internal and International Relations International and Constituent Relations; the Office of Policy, Planning, and Legislation Policy, Planning, and Legislation; Management-and Systems Management and Systems; Science Coordination and-Communication.
In addition, the Office of the Commissioner of Administration directs the activities of five centers responsible for many of the Agency’s major organizational activities. Which:
Biological Material Assessment and Research Center (Biology)
Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER);
Medical and Radiological Health Center
Center for Devices and Radiologic Health
Medication Evaluation and Research Center
Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER)
Food Safety and Applied Nutrition Center
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
The National Toxicological Research Center
National Center for Toxicological Research The first three centers direct activities that lead to the availability of many therapeutic products – such as medicines, biological materials, and devices – that are used to treat and prevent human disease. The Commissioner of Food and Drug Administration also directs the activities of the Office of Regulatory Affairs, the agency responsible for Carrying out FDA activities, and supervises the activities of more than 11,000 field inspectors.
The FDA’s activities are complex, challenging, science-based, and constantly changing according to societal needs and aspirations. This article gives a brief overview of these activities, with our awareness of our need for an in-depth study and analysis to fully understand and get beyond the work of the Food and Drug Administration of scientific, technical and legislative conditions, and many articles and books have been printed describing the regulatory and legislative mandate of the Food and Drug Administration.